Croatian Adriatic - natural resources as the foundation for tourism based sconomic development

Srećko Favro (HHI); Zvonko Gržetić (HHI); Katja Božić Fredotović;

Godina: 2010



 A wide variety of relief features, bays, islands, and islets is an attractive element of leisure navigation. Indented coastline provides opportunity for an interesting cruising, providing safe natural shelters. Adriatic Sea is a deeply indented gulf of the Mediterranean Sea extending in NW-SE direction. Eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea is among the most attractive and best indented coasts in the Mediterranean. According to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, such type of coastline belongs to the so-called archipelagic waters. In the internal waters and the territorial sea of the Republic of Croatia, there are 1, 244 islands, islets, and rocks, ranking Croatia second in the Mediterranean, after Greece. The length of coastline in the Croatian part of the Adriatic is 6, 278 km, out of which 1, 880 km account for the mainland coast, and 4, 398 km for island coasts. With a coefficient of 11.10, Croatian coastline is, after Greece, the second best indented coastline in the Mediterranean. This paper gives an overview of the Croatian littoral counties, pointing at major towns and localities in the coastal area and on islands. Possibilities for the development of different forms of tourism are examined, taking into consideration specific qualities and comparative advantages of a particular area or archipelago. Such approach provides a basis for drawing up local and county plans of sustainable development of particular areas based on the activities that evaluate historical issues of natural resources in a modern way.